The iliopsoas muscles are the major hip flexor muscles located in the groin. Strains of these muscles in dogs are an easily overlooked diagnosis. Agility dogs or dogs with knee injuries often have iliopsoas strains. Also, they are not uncommon in dogs that recently had orthopedic surgery.
Iliopsoas strains can present as a knee injury due to a one-sided limb lameness. Patients can be toe touching like a dog with a cruciate ligament injury. X-rays are not usually diagnostic for this condition. Diagnosis can usually be made by direct palpation of the area.
The following treatment protocols are used:
- Rest is indicated to prevent further injury to the muscle.
- Gabapentin and/or NSAIDS may help with the pain and inflammation.
- Laser therapy has been shown to promote healing of iliopsoas strains.